Turquoise - Stone Facts and Jewellery

Turquoise - Stone Facts and Jewellery

Turquoise is an opaque mineral that occurs in beautiful shades of blue, bluish green, green, and yellowish green. It has been treasured as a gemstone for thousands of years. Isolated from one another, the ancient people of Africa, Asia, South America, and North America independently made it one of their preferred materials for producing gemstones, inlay and small sculptures.

The word itself is derived from an Old French word for “Turkish” traders who first brought the Persian turquoise to Europe. It has graced the halls and tombs of Aztec kings and Egyptian pharaohs, such as Tutankhamun, whose golden funeral mask is inlaid with the beautiful blue stone.

Blue minerals are rare, and that is why it captures attention in the gemstone market. The most desirable colour of the stone is a sky blue or robin’s-egg blue. When it has dark makings through it, this is usually from the surrounding matrix and this type is called rock turquoise. 

Most of the world's turquoise rough is currently produced in the southwestern United States and the best quality is from Sleeping Beauty USA, Iran, and Mexico.

Turquoise Jewellery

It is by nature is a relatively soft, porous stone and it can vary greatly in its quality. Only higher-grade natural turquoise is actually dense enough that it can be cut and shaped without damaging the stone. A softer, lower grade has to be treated in some way in order for it to be usable in making jewellery. The resulting piece is then much stronger and easier to cut, polish and set by a jeweller without risk of breaking. Stabilized turquoise can be produced in large quantities and is less expensive than the natural version

Turquoise is also the birthstone for the month of December.

Our Featured 18CT white gold pendant with Sleeping Beauty turquoise is a stunning example, available from our online store.


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