Citrine, a November gemstone.
Citrine belongs to the quartz group of gemstones, which also contains amethyst, smoky quartz and rose quartz. It is one of the most popular gemstones in the quartz group and is prized for its excellent transparency.
It has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale, similar to glass.
Naturally forming citrine has been found all around the world, although it is very rare today. Most citrine on the market today is mined as amethyst or smokey quartz and is then heat treated to acquire the yellow colour.
The World’s largest citrine is the ‘’Malaga,” originally from Brazil and now held in Spain at the Art Nature Malaga museum. It measures 20 x 15 x 10 centimeters and weighs 20,200 carats! It is nearly flawless and is characterised by its exceptional purity, colour and transparency. It is exhibited along with other extraordinary gems, such as the 31,000-carat imperial topaz, the “Eldorado”. Topaz happens to be the other November birthstone.